The Characteristics and Emerging Behaviors of System-of-Systems


In recent years the concept of system of systems (SoS) has emerged as a new approach to solving complex problems. The expectation is  that SoS will improve effectiveness and enhance one’s ability to successfully address complex issues.  The body of knowledge on SoS is in its infancy. While there have been many discussions, there is not a commonly accepted definition of SoS. Various fields and professions have produced their own definitions, and as such SoS are defined in the context of those fields and professions. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of SoS via current definitions and examples from the fields of biology,  sociology, and military; offer additional  characteristics of SoS that should be included in a more comprehensive and generalized definition; highlight some issues; and conclude with some preliminary insights on the emerging behaviors.

About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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