Learning and Education After the Industrial Age


Each historical era creates a system of education that addresses its needs. In the 19th century, the
educational revolution was driven by a radical shift from family-centric production to
manufacturing and industrial organization, and the associated rapid urbanization and social
mobility in industrializing countries. In this process, the home, the workplace, community life, and the church lost many of their earlier functions in the educational system. The school became a central institution in education, to the extent that we now often think that education equals schooling.

At present, the knowledge society transformation is again changing the system of education. To understand these changes and their implications, we have to understand the fundamental needs that education addresses in society. In this paper we argue that the key functions of education are stable from a sociological point of view. Education addresses fundamental needs of social life that exist across time. As times change, however, the content of education and the division of educational labor between home, community, workplace and institutional elements of the educational system change.

About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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