A comparison between popular education and a traditional adult literacy program

After Timor-Leste gained its liberation in 1999 many institutions such as UN agencies, the non-formal education division of  the Ministry of Education and Culture, bilateral aid partners, international and national NGOs, the Catholic Church, women and youth organizations ran adult literacy programs in different districts of Timor-Leste. Some of the literacy facilitators were paid while others volunteered to teach non-literates. Approaches or methods used to implement their adult literacy programs included both the popular education approach and a traditional or classical method for teaching literacy. There was some debate between some of these institutions over which was the more appropriate and effective model.

Objectives of the Study

  • To describe the differences and similarities between popular education and the traditional method with reference to the teacher‘s roles, the learners‘ roles, teaching methods and curriculum development.
  • To find out the advantages and disadvantages between popular education and the traditional method for adult literacy program.
  • To know the appropriate approach for adult literacy programs in Timor-Leste and suggest how the two adult literacy programs could cooperate.


About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
This entry was posted in Education, Literacy, Popular education and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s