This report is a summary of two literature reviews produced in 2012 by research partners and experts working within the framework of KeyCoNet – the European Policy Network on the Implementation of Key Competences in School Education. The literature reviews are focused on the implementation of key competence development and its assessment in school education in Europe. The network will update the literature reviews in 2013 and 2014. Using evidence in the literature reviews, this summary answers the following questions: What are key competences? How are key competences included in national curricula? How are key competences implemented in schools? What are the main methods for teaching key competences? How can key competences be assessed? What are the main obstacles to implementing key competences?
The aim of this summary is to provide a user-friendly version of the literature reviews that can aid policy makers and education practitioners in thinking about implementing key competences in school education. The views and recommendations presented reflect the conclusions drawn by the authors of the original literature reviews.