Open access is a form of academic publishing made possible by the internet. Peer-reviewed journal articles and books are available online with unrestricted access, allowing researchers to quickly and freely share their research with diverse audiences. Open access is provided in one of two ways.
Green Access or “self archiving” is when a journal allows individual authors to make a published article available free of charge through the author’s university/institution’s online repository, usually via a library webpage.
“Gold access” journals and books provide free access to articles or book chapters, directly from the publisher’s site. Making academic research free of charge and freely accessible via the internet allows research to be quickly and internationally disseminated, to readers without access to often expensive journal subscriptions.