In this article, I explore how the fragmented and specialized character of sociology has resulted in the search for overly simplistic causal processes or “congruence.” The core argument focuses less on the structure of the discipline, per se, and more on some of the problems that have arisen as a consequence of it. To these ends, I identify three problems endemic to an increasing portion of sociological work: (1) a disjuncture between theory and evidence, (2) critical versus creative interpretations, and (3) methodological overspecialization. I go further and conclude by suggesting viable intellectual and analytic pathways that allow for and encourage recognition of complexity in the social world.
Research Professor. Director at Learning Change Project – Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
Giorgio Bertini does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from these papers, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
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