The Unified Theory of Information considers society a self-organising and information-generating system hierarchically made up of a series of encapsulated subsystems, as there are technology, ecology, economy, polity, culture. Information society is considered to be endowed with the capability of taking responsibility of the course of societal evolution. According to that, each subsystem can be characterised by an agency-structure contradiction of its own. Starting point is a view of human processes that reconceptualises the central issue in social science – the issue of how agency and structure are to be related – due to a Unified Theory of Information. A Unified Theory of Information looks upon information-generating systems as self-organising systems and considers society and even more information society as just another information-generating and, hence, self-organising system. According to that, social theory is to rest upon a theory of evolutionary systems which, in turn, has to be based upon certain philosophical assumptions. This view of self-organisation in society is able to resort to and integrate important ideas and insights of recent attempts to overcome the dichotomy in social theory which do not explicitly refer to an evolutionary systems theory of society.
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