Emergence and self-organisation are the two main concepts that this book and the research project “Human Strategies in Complexity” focus on. Aspects of emergence are: Synergism: Emergence is due to the productive interaction between entities. Synergies between interacting entities are the cause of the evolution and persistence of emergent systems. Novelty: On a systemic level different from the level of the synergetically interacting entities new qualities show up. Emergent qualities are qualities that have not been previously observed and have not previously existed in a complex system. Irreducebility: The new produced qualities are not reduceable to or derivable from the level of the producing, interacting entities. Unpredictability: The form of the emergent result and the point of emergence can´t be fully predicted. Coherence/Correlation: Complex systems with emergent qualities have some coherent behaviour for a certain period of time. This coherence spans and correlates the level of the producing entities into a unity on the level of emergence. Historicity: Emergent qualities are not pre-given, but the result of the dynamical development of complex systems.
Research Professor. Director at Learning Change Project – Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, sustainability, thinkers, ++
Giorgio Bertini does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from these papers, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
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