I’ll just come out and say it: students don’t know how to study. When students are asked how they study the response is often something along these lines:
Wait until the night before the test
Find my notes and textbook
Read/reread notes and textbook
Repeat until I can’t stay awake any longer or distraction gets the best of me
There are several problems with this approach. In the following, I have outlined our students’ problematic practices and compared them to what current research says they should be doing instead.