Steps to complex learning

The subject of this chapter, ten steps to complex learning (van Merrienboer & Kirschner,2007), was recently published as a practical and modified version of the four-component instructional design (4C-ID) model originally posited by van Merrienboer in 1997. These ten steps are mainly prescriptive and aim to provide a practicable version of the 4C-ID model for teachers, domain experts involved in educational or training design, and less experienced instructional designers. The model described here will typically be used to develop educational or training programs, which can have a duration ranging from several weeks to several years, aimed at the acquisition of complex cognitive skills (in this chapter referred to as complex learning).

Complex learning is the integration of knowledge, skills, and attitudes; coordinating qualitatively different constituent skills, and often transferring what was learned in school or training to daily life and work.


About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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