Stigmergy 3.0: From ants to economies

According to Andy Clark “[M]uch of what goes on in the complex world of humans, may thus, somewhat surprisingly, be understood in terms of so-called stigmergic
algorithms” (Clark, 1996, p. 279; 1997, p. 186). Pierre-Paul Grasse´, the brilliant mind who first conceptualized the notion probably would not disagree (Grasse´, 1959). Grasse´ was as much a zoologist as he was an entomologist. Under his editorship the monumental (17-volume) Traite´ de Zoologie, Anatomie, Syste´matique, Biologie was guided.1 Arguably one of the most ambitious and audacious publishing endeavors ever undertaken in a science (Wing, 1950), it has come to be known affectionately as le Grasse´. It is with the recognition of this fact that Grasse´ would perhaps be gratified, if not surprised, that the term “stigmergy” has achieved such wide currency and that he might well agree that perhaps.



About Giorgio Bertini

Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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