This report covers four main subject areas: social processes, mental health, genetic and environmental factors, and neurological and cognitive effects. It evaluates the scientific methodology and theory developed by poverty researchers and highlights the potential relevance for those involved in social policy. The report includes:
- an overview of psychological methods and sub-disciplines;
- the social-psychological effects of poverty;
- psychological explanations for the mental health risks associated with poverty;
- psychological research on the heritability of poverty, and its effect on human biology at a genetic level;
- the effects of childhood poverty on cognitive and neurological development; and
- advice for policy-makers seeking to use the findings from psychological research.