Category Archives: Biology

Reconnecting Biology, Social Relations and Epistemology – A Systemic appreciation of Autopoietic Theory

This paper seeks to tease out the systemic character of a body of work that elsewhere in both the primary and secondary literature tends to be described, discussed and applied in fragmented and reductionist terms. The origins of “autopoietic theory” … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis and Cognition: the Realization of the Living

Humberto Maturana, Francisco Varela. What makes a living system a living system? What kind of biological phenomenon is the phenomenon of cognition? These two questions have been frequently considered, but, in this volume, the authors, Humberto Maturana and Francisco J. Varela, consider … Continue reading

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Sociobiology: The New Synthesis

Sociobiology: The New Synthesis — a classic work first published in 1975,  created a new discipline and started a tumultuous round in the age-old nature versus nurture debate. Although voted by officers and fellows of the international Animal Behavior Society … Continue reading

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