Category Archives: Childhood development

Language Exposure Relates to Structural Neural Connectivity in Childhood

Neuroscience research has elucidated broad relationships between socioeconomic status (SES) and young children’s brain structure, but there is little mechanistic knowledge about specific environmental factors that are associated with a specific variation in brain structure. One environmental factor, early language … Continue reading

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The Impact of Parent–Child Interaction on Brain Structures

There is a vast amount of evidence from psychological studies that the amount of parent-child interaction affects the development of children’s verbal skills and knowledge. However, despite the vast amount of literature, brain structural development associated with the amount of parent-child interaction … Continue reading

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The development of conscious control in childhood

Developmental data suggest that the growth of executive function in childhood can be understood in terms of the development of consciousness. According to the ‘levels of consciousness’ (LOC) model, there are age-related increases in the highest degree of self-reflection or … Continue reading

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Developmental change and the nature of learning in childhood

How do children acquire humankind’s remarkable cognitive skills? Why are the abilities children acquire readily, such as native-language fluency, harder for adults? Although attitudes to these questions span the continuum from nativism to learning theory, answers remain elusive. We relate … Continue reading

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The Age Four Transition to Responsible Childhood

Converging evidence shows a major shift toward independence around age 4. My earliest clear memories of events I experienced, which are not simply memories of stories told to me about my childhood, are from when I was 4 years old. … Continue reading

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Last Child in the Woods: Saving our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder

This huge international bestseller, fully revised for non-American readers, is now in ebook. Last Child in the Woods shows how our children have become increasingly alienated and distant from nature, why this matters, and what we can do to make … Continue reading

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The Culture of Childhood: We’ve Almost Destroyed It

Children learn the most valuable lessons with other children, away from adults. I don’t want to trivialize the roles of adults in children’s lives, but, truth be told, we adults greatly exaggerate our roles in our theories and beliefs about how … Continue reading

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What the New Science of Child Development Tells Us About the Relationship Between Parents and Children

Caring deeply about our children is part of what makes us human. Yet the thing we call “parenting” is a surprisingly new invention. In the past thirty years, the concept of parenting and the multi-billion dollar industry surrounding it have … Continue reading

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Vygotsky’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development is recognized as one of the most innovative psychological theories of the twentieth century. The theory is based on the assumption that culture plays a major role in cognitive development. Each period in child development … Continue reading

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The Way We Were: 10 Crucial Child Psychology Studies

Once upon a time, although it seems barely credible to us now, we were all children. We gurgled, we cried, we laughed, we explored, we fell down, and we had very little idea about the journey on which we had … Continue reading

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