Category Archives: Children

Costly rejection of Wrongdoers by Infants and Children

How unappealing are individuals who behave badly towards others? We show here that children and even infants, although motivated by material rewards, are nonetheless willing to incur costs to avoid “doing business” with a wrongdoer. When given the choice to … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Cognitive development, Cooperation, Infants, Social cognition | Tagged , , , ,

How Children perceive Fractals – Hierarchical self-similarity and Cognitive development

The ability to understand and generate hierarchical structures is a crucial component of human cognition, available in language, music, mathematics and problem solving. Recursion is a particularly useful mechanism for generating complex hierarchies by means of self-embedding rules. In the … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Cognitive development, Cognitive science, Fractals, Hierarchy, Language evolution, Recursion | Tagged , , , , , ,

Anthropocentrism is not the first step in Children’s reasoning about the Natural World

What is the relation between human and nonhuman animals? As adults, we construe this relation flexibly, depending in part on the situation at hand. From a biological perspective, we acknowledge the status of humans as one species among many (as … Continue reading

Posted in Animals, Anthropocentric, Anthropocentrism, Biological world, Children, Humans | Tagged , , , , ,

The Hungry Mind: The Origins of Curiosity in Childhood

Despite American education’s mania for standardized tests, testing misses what matters most about learning: the desire to learn in the first place. Susan Engel offers a highly readable exploration of what curiosity is, how it can be measured, how it … Continue reading

Posted in Childhood, Children, Curiosity, Curiosity-based learning, Curious, Early childhood | Tagged , , , , ,

Brains in Pain Cannot Learn!

Buried deep in the brain’s limbic system is an emotional switching station called the amygdala, and it is here that our human survival and emotional messages are subconsciously prioritized and learned. We continually scan environments for feelings of connectedness and … Continue reading

Posted in Adolescents, Brains, Children, Emotions, Maltreatment, Nurturance, Pain | Tagged , , , , , ,

Children: The Play deficit

When I was a child in the 1950s, my friends and I had two educations. We had school (which was not the big deal it is today), and we also had what I call a hunter-gather education. We played in … Continue reading

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What Drives Children’s Creativity?

Pens vs. paintbrushes. Compelling words vs vivid strokes. What underlies creativity for writers? For artists? Are there commonalities? How can parents and teachers nurture children’s creative expression? Here’s a candid dialogue between author Joanne Foster, and artist Rina Gottesman. A … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Creative learning, Creative mind, Creative pedagogy, Creativity | Tagged , , , ,

Dialogue and the Development of Children’s Thinking: A Sociocultural Approach

This book draws on extensive research to provide a ground-breaking new account of the relationship between dialogue and children’s learning development. It closely relates the research findings to real-life classrooms, so that it is of practical value to teachers and … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Dialogical learning, Dialogue, Socio-cultural theory, Vygotsky | Tagged , , , ,

Non-Standard Work Schedules Make Childrearing Difficult

Recent developments in employment practices have increased the prevalence of non-standard work schedules—non-daytime shifts in which most hours do not fall between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., when shifts rotate, or when schedules vary weekly or otherwise. For example, computer … Continue reading

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Fairness Expectations and Altruistic Sharing in 15-Month-Old Infants

Human cooperation is a key driving force behind the evolutionary success of our hominin lineage. At the proximate level, biologists and social scientists have identified other-regarding preferences – such as fairness based on egalitarian motives, and altruism – as likely … Continue reading

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