Category Archives: Decision making

Group learning makes children better decision-makers

Children who participate in collaborative group work to learn about significant social issues become better decision-makers than their peers who learn the same curriculum through teacher-led discussions, a new study finds. More than 760 fifth-grade students were involved in the … Continue reading

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Cognitive costs of decision-making strategies

Several theories of cognition distinguish between strategies that differ in the mental effort that their use requires. But how can the effort—or cognitive costs—associated with a strategy be conceptualized and measured? We propose an approach that decomposes the effort a … Continue reading

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People on the left and right use different cognitive systems to make moral judgments

New research from Australia suggests that political liberals and conservatives rely on different cognitive “systems” when making moral judgments. The study was based on what is known as dual process theory, which has been popularized by psychologist Daniel Kahneman. The theory … Continue reading

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The Origins of Collective Decision Making

By uncovering their histories, Andy Blunden’s Origins of Collective Decision Making reveals a great deal about the character and feel of the consensus and majority decision-making paradigms. Blunden takes up a question that has received curiously little attention from scholars: … Continue reading

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Reasons why Poverty Reduces Self-Control

When considering poverty, our national conversation often turns to its origins. It is natural for us to look for attributes of a person that led him or her to poverty, such as poor self-control. David Brooks of The New York … Continue reading

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Models of Affective Decision Making – How do Feelings Predict Choice?

Intuitively, how you feel about potential outcomes will determine your decisions. Indeed, an implicit assumption in one of the most influential theories in psychology, prospect theory, is that feelings govern choice. Surprisingly, however, very little is known about the rules … Continue reading

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enSwarm – Swarm Facilitation and Decision Making

enSwarm provides companies and organisations with “swarm” based facilitation software tools that improve group efficiency and collaborative working.  Our software provides a structure for facilitated workshops that incentivises people to behave in a more collaborative way.  We want to enhance … Continue reading

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The Teenage Brain: Peer Influences on Adolescent Decision Making

Research efforts to account for elevated risk behavior among adolescents have arrived at an exciting new stage. Moving beyond laboratory studies of age differences in risk perception and reasoning, new approaches have shifted their focus to the influence of social … Continue reading

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Consensus Decision Making in Human Crowds

In groups of animals only a small proportion of individuals may possess particular information, such as a migration route or the direction to a resource. Individuals may differ in preferred direction resulting in conflicts of interest and, therefore, consensus decisions … Continue reading

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Groups have a larger Cognitive Capacity than Individuals

Increasing the number of options can paradoxically lead to worse decisions, a phenomenon known as cognitive overload. This happens when an individual decision-maker attempts to digest information exceeding its processing capacity. Highly integrated groups, such as social insect colonies, make … Continue reading

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