Category Archives: Fairness

The Fair Society: The Science of Human Nature and the Pursuit of Social Justice

We’ve been told, again and again, that life is unfair. But what if we’re wrong simply to resign ourselves to this situation? What if we have the power—and more, the duty—to change society for the better? We do. And our very … Continue reading

Posted in Fairness, human fairness, Social justice | Tagged , ,

Talking with Kids about Fairness – Encourage your child’s sense of fair play.

In societies around the world, fairness is one of the most fundamental moral values. A number of recent research studies make it clear that children begin thinking about fairness early in life. Three-year-olds sometimes take actions to remedy unfair distribution … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Fairness, human fairness | Tagged , ,

The evolutionary origins of human fairness

Humans care about fairness and are ready to suffer financial losses for the sake of it. The existence of such costly preferences for fairness constitutes an evolutionary puzzle. Recently, some authors have argued that human fairness can be understood as a psychological adaptation … Continue reading

Posted in Fairness, human fairness | Tagged ,

The Neuroscience of Fairness and Injustice

How Our Brains Are Wired to Resist Unfair Treatment: Humans are inherently social beings. We care not only about material and financial rewards, but also about social status, belonging, and respect. Research studies show that our brains automatically evaluate the … Continue reading

Posted in Fairness, Neuroscience | Tagged ,

The Fairness Instinct: The Robin Hood Mentality and Our Biological Nature

Thinkers from Aristotle to Kant, from Augustine to John Rawls, and religions from Christianity to Confucianism, have offered great insight into the nature and origins of this basic human desire for fairness. Based on the most recent scientific discoveries in … Continue reading

Posted in Fairness, human fairness | Tagged ,

Rejecting unfairness: emotion-driven reaction or cognitive heuristic?

In the following paragraphs, I am arguing that rejecting inequality, even when it means sacrificing available resources, could be interpreted as a default response that occurs when there is no other reason to choose otherwise. Moreover, I am reviewing some … Continue reading

Posted in Fairness | Tagged

Fairness overrides reputation: the importance of fairness considerations in altruistic cooperation

Behavioral findings in several strategic games indicate that people punish others if they think they are being treated unequally, even at the cost of minimizing their own material payoff. We investigated the primary driving force behind such non-self-regarding behavior, so-called, … Continue reading

Posted in Fairness | Tagged

Young Children’s Development of Fairness Preference

Fairness is one of the most important foundations of morality and may have played a key role in the evolution of cooperation in humans beings. As an important type of fairness concern, inequity aversion is the preference for fairness and … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Fairness | Tagged ,

At what age do kids recognise fairness?

Children as young as seven have the same capacity as adults to make judgments on the anti-social behavior of others. A study led by University of Queensland School of Psychology researcher Matti Wilks found that older kids (aged 7–8), but … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Fairness | Tagged ,

Developmental psychology: Friendship wins out over fairness

When children decide to share, the giver’s relationships with the pool of recipients determine who gets how much. They will give more to a wealthy friend than to a needy stranger – at least in cases where wealth is measured … Continue reading

Posted in Developmental psychology, Fairness, Friendship | Tagged , ,