Category Archives: Groups

Group Size and Cultural Complexity

A decade ago, Henrich proposed group size as a driver of cultural complexity. Derex et al. now present experimental results they say support this ‘group size hypothesis’ by seemingly showing that larger groups perform better than smaller groups under imitation-based … Continue reading

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Evolution “for the Good of the Group”

Is evolution a team sport, or is the contest for survival played out strictly between individuals? There’s no question that natural selection acts on individual organisms: Those with favorable traits are more  likely to pass along their genes to the … Continue reading

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Group-level Evolution and Information Systems – Learning from Animal Colonies in Nature

In this chapter, we describe 10 central properties and a speciation process for a certain type of real and virtual human collective that is comparable with animal colonies in nature. This theory, called colonial systems and its application to information … Continue reading

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Swarm Intelligence in Animal Groups: When Can a Collective Out-Perform an Expert?

An important potential advantage of group-living that has been mostly neglected by life scientists is that individuals in animal groups may cope more effectively with unfamiliar situations. Social interaction can provide a solution to a cognitive problem that is not … Continue reading

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The Science behind Team Intelligence

What makes teams effective? People have been trying to find out for centuries, but researchers looking into that question recently discovered something new. According to psychologists at MIT, Carnegie Mellon, and Union College, groups take on a character of their … Continue reading

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Emergence of Leadership within a Homogeneous Group

Large scale coordination without dominant, consistent leadership is frequent in nature. How individuals emerge from within the group as leaders, however transitory this position may be, has become an increasingly common question asked. This question is further complicated by the … Continue reading

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Thinking in Groups

Is cognition an exclusive property of the individual or can groups have a mind of their own? We explore this question from the perspective of complex adaptive systems. One of the principal insights from this line of work is that … Continue reading

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The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies

In this landmark book, Scott Page redefines the way we understand ourselves in relation to each other. The Difference is about how we think in groups, about how our collective wisdom exceeds the sum of its parts. Why can teams … Continue reading

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Group Creativity – Innovation Through Collaboration

Even though there has been increasing awareness of the importance of social, cultural, contextual, and organizational factors in creativity, there has thus far been much less systematic focus on the group processes related to creativity. This is a serious deficit … Continue reading

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Recognizing Group Cognition

In this paper, we approach the idea of group cognition from the perspective of the ‘‘extended mind’’ thesis, as a special case of the more general claim that systems larger than the individual human, but containing that human, are capable … Continue reading

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