Category Archives: Inequality

Social inequality – children gap

Cognitively, experience is sequential: Experiences in infancy establish habits of seeking, noticing, and incorporating new and more complex experiences, as well as schemas for categorizing and thinking about experiences. Neurologically, infancy is a critical period because cortical development is influenced … Continue reading

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Diverse Aging and Health Inequality by Race and Ethnicity

Although gerontologists have long embraced the concept of heterogeneity in theories and models of aging, recent research reveals the importance of racial and ethnic diversity on life course processes leading to health inequality. This article examines research on health inequality … Continue reading

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Social Science is not fighting Inequality

Sociology is at risk of losing what credibility it has because we have latched onto ways of studying inequality that are not suited to new economic arrangements. What are those ways? They started as truths that now represent half-truths or … Continue reading

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UNESCO – Challenging Inequalities: Pathways to a Just World

Never before has inequality been so high on the agenda of policy-makers worldwide, or such a hot topic for social science research. More journal articles are being published on the topic of inequality and social justice today than ever before. … Continue reading

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Paradoxes of openness and distinction in the Sharing Economy

This paper studies four sites from the sharing economy to analyze how class and other forms of inequality operate within this type of economic arrangement. On the basis of interviews and participant observation at a time bank, a food swap, a makerspace … Continue reading

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Why Income Inequality Increases Maternal Infanticide

Natural selection has provided mothers with an early warning system, one that can alert them to danger before others are even aware of the risk. After all, humans have the ability to make conscious choices and design political systems that … Continue reading

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Inequality and Visibility of Wealth in Social Networks

Humans prefer relatively equal distributions of resources, yet societies have varying degrees of economic inequality. To investigate some of the possible determinants and consequences of inequality, here we perform experiments involving a networked public goods game in which subjects interact … Continue reading

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The Evolution of Extreme Altruism and Inequality in Insect Societies

In eusocial organisms, some individuals specialize in reproduction and others in altruistic helping. The evolution of eusociality is, therefore, also the evolution of remarkable inequality. For example, a colony of honeybees (Apis mellifera) may contain 50 000 females all of … Continue reading

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Social Class and Educational Inequality: The Impact of Parents and Schools

Social class is often seen as an intractable barrier to success, yet a number of children from disadvantaged backgrounds still manage to show resilience and succeed against the odds. This book presents the findings from fifty Child and Family Case … Continue reading

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The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State

In 1884 Frederick Engels first published The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. This work systematically set out to provide a social explanation for the emergence of women’s oppression with the development of the social institutions of … Continue reading

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