Category Archives: Inequality

Why Income Inequality Increases Maternal Infanticide

Natural selection has provided mothers with an early warning system, one that can alert them to danger before others are even aware of the risk. After all, humans have the ability to make conscious choices and design political systems that … Continue reading

Posted in Income distribution, Inequality, Maternal infanticide, Mothers, Violence | Tagged , , , ,

Inequality and Visibility of Wealth in Social Networks

Humans prefer relatively equal distributions of resources, yet societies have varying degrees of economic inequality. To investigate some of the possible determinants and consequences of inequality, here we perform experiments involving a networked public goods game in which subjects interact … Continue reading

Posted in Inequality, Social network, Wealth | Tagged , ,

The Evolution of Extreme Altruism and Inequality in Insect Societies

In eusocial organisms, some individuals specialize in reproduction and others in altruistic helping. The evolution of eusociality is, therefore, also the evolution of remarkable inequality. For example, a colony of honeybees (Apis mellifera) may contain 50 000 females all of … Continue reading

Posted in Altruism, Colonial life, Eusociality, Evolution, Inequality, Social insects | Tagged , , , , ,

Social Class and Educational Inequality: The Impact of Parents and Schools

Social class is often seen as an intractable barrier to success, yet a number of children from disadvantaged backgrounds still manage to show resilience and succeed against the odds. This book presents the findings from fifty Child and Family Case … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Education, Inequality, Parents, Social class, Social disadvantage | Tagged , , , , ,

The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State

In 1884 Frederick Engels first published The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. This work systematically set out to provide a social explanation for the emergence of women’s oppression with the development of the social institutions of … Continue reading

Posted in Engels, Family, Inequality, Private property, State, Women | Tagged , , , , ,

Inequality in Access to Social Capital

Whereas much research has been done on the benefits of social capital, less is known about the causes of the unequal distribution of social capital in people’s networks. This study examines inequalities in access to social capital in terms of … Continue reading

Posted in Inequality, Social capital | Tagged ,

Austerity, Poverty and Inequality – Caritas Europa Report

Greece has received fresh ammunition in its negotiations with creditors, as a new report about poverty in bailed-out countries paints a grim picture of the social cost of austerity. “The people paying the highest price currently are those who had … Continue reading

Posted in Austerity, Europe, Greece, Inequality, Poverty | Tagged , , , ,

Systematic Inequality and Hierarchy in Faculty Hiring Networks

The faculty job market plays a fundamental role in shaping research priorities, educational outcomes, and career trajectories among scientists and institutions. However, a quantitative understanding of faculty hiring as a system is lacking. Using a simple technique to extract the … Continue reading

Posted in Academic, Hierarchy, Inequality | Tagged , ,

Neuroeconomics on Equity and Inequality

People’s preferences for income distribution fundamentally affect their behavior and contribute to shaping important social and political institutions. The study of such preferences has become a major topic in behavioral research in social psychology and economics. Despite the large literature … Continue reading

Posted in Brains, Equity, Income distribution, Inequality, Neuro-economics | Tagged , , , ,

A Precariat Charter: From Denizens to Citizens

Guy Standing’s immensely influential 2011 book introduced the Precariat as an emerging mass class, characterized by inequality and insecurity. Standing outlined the increasingly global nature of the Precariat as a social phenomenon, especially in the light of the social unrest … Continue reading

Posted in Inequality, Insecurity, Precariat | Tagged , ,