Category Archives: Knowledge

The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

A general and systematic account of the role of knowledge in society aimed to stimulate both critical discussion and empirical investigations. This book is concerned with the sociology of ‘everything that passes for knowledge in society’. It focuses particularly on … Continue reading

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Separating cognitive capacity from knowledge

We propose that working memory and reasoning share related capacity limits. These limits are quantified in terms of the number of items that can be kept active in working memory, and the number of interrelationships between elements that can be … Continue reading

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Knowledge In Minds: Individual And Collective Processes In Cognition

Many texts in cognitive psychology deal with the details of cognitive processes as individually defined. This text provides an account of cognition that focuses on the cumulative and share nature of the human enterprise. It aims to adopt a balanced … Continue reading

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Elaborating Funds of Knowledge: Community-Oriented Practices in International Contexts

This article discusses a sociocultural approach we have developed, which we refer to as funds of knowledge. The emphasis of the funds of knowledge work has been to develop both theory and methods through which educators can approach and document … Continue reading

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The complexities of knowledge

“Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning,” according to Wikipedia’s definition. Knowledge can also refer to a … Continue reading

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The Value of Knowledge

The value of knowledge has always been a central topic within epistemology. Going all the way back to Plato’s Meno, philosophers have asked, why is knowledge more valuable than mere true belief? Interest in this question has grown in recent … Continue reading

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Facilitating Knowledge Building in Teams

Problem-solving teams composed of members possessing unique knowledge tend to be ineffective because of impediments that limit information sharing, including the sampling advantage of common information and differential schema structures among team members. Teams using a team training strategy aimed … Continue reading

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Networks of Knowledge: How to Find Them, and Utilize Them

Science is not a solitary pursuit. The more complex and distributed knowledge becomes, the more we need others to help us make sense of it. The greater the volume of information, the more we need others to point us toward what … Continue reading

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Infants ask for help when they know they don’t know

Although many animals have been shown to monitor their own uncertainty, only humans seem to have the ability to explicitly communicate their uncertainty to others. It remains unknown whether this ability is present early in development, or whether it only … Continue reading

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A Biological Theory of Knowledge and Applications to Real World Organizations

This paper extends an epistemologically grounded biological theory of organization and knowledge based on Karl Popper’s evolutionary epistemology and three worlds ontology, amalgamating concepts from evolutionary biology, emergence and hierarchy theory, autopoiesis, and military affairs. We discuss how this body … Continue reading

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