Category Archives: Learning

The Influences of Emotion on Learning and Memory

Emotion has a substantial influence on the cognitive processes in humans, including perception, attention, learning, memory, reasoning, and problem solving. Emotion has a particularly strong influence on attention, especially modulating the selectivity of attention as well as motivating action and … Continue reading

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The Role of Social Interaction in the Evolution of Learning

It is generally thought that cognition evolved to help us navigate complex environments. Social interactions make up one part of a complex environment, and some have argued that social settings are crucial to the evolution of cognition. This article uses … Continue reading

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Learning under stress: how does it work?

The effects of stress on learning and memory are not always clear: both facilitating and impairing influences are described in the literature. Here we propose a unifying theory, which states that stress will only facilitate learning and memory processes: (i) … Continue reading

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Children’s learning – Imitation as a mechanism in cognitive development

Children learn about the social and physical world by observing other people’s acts. This experiment tests both Chinese and American children’s learning of a rule. For theoretical reasons, we chose the rule of categorizing objects by the weight. Children, age … Continue reading

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What Kids Need to Learn to Succeed in 2050

The art of reinvention will be the most critical skill of this century umankind is facing unprecedented revolutions, all our old stories are crumbling, and no new story has so far emerged to replace them. How can we prepare ourselves … Continue reading

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Upending the Hierarchy of Learning

Because we are in the middle of a worldwide knowledge revolution that will change everything in education. The teacher is no longer the primary source of knowledge, though still the most important one in school. Information is everywhere thanks to … Continue reading

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Networks of Mind: Learning, Culture, Neuroscience

This groundbreaking book is unique in bringing together two perspectives on learning – sociocultural theory and neuroscience. Drawing on both perspectives, it foregrounds important developments in our understanding of what learning is, where and how learning occurs and what we can do to … Continue reading

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Why we learn more from our successes than our failures

Study sheds light on the brain’s ability to change in response to learning If you’ve ever felt doomed to repeat your mistakes, researchers at MIT’s Picower Institute for Learning and Memory may have explained why: Brain cells may only learn from … Continue reading

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How Children Learn

In a survey we conducted a few years ago, Gina Riley and I asked unschooling families to name the writers whose works had influenced them most in their decision to take that route. John Holt was by far the most … Continue reading

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Cognitive scientists define critical period for learning language

Study shows children remain adept learners until the age of 17 or 18. A great deal of evidence suggests that it is more difficult to learn a new language as an adult than as a child, which has led scientists to … Continue reading

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