Category Archives: Maturana

Humberto Maturana, Francisco Varela, biology of cognition, autopoiesis

Piaget, Vigotski y Maturana, constructivismo a tres voces

El objetivo del presente texto es presentar una síntesis de tres discursos constructivistas que están presentes y son influyentes en el ámbito de la educación, y que a nuestro entender difi~ren en algunos aspectos esenciales respecto de su concepción o … Continue reading

Posted in Constructivism, Educación, Education, Maturana, Piaget, Vygotsky | Tagged , , , , ,

Emociones y Lenguaje en Educación y Política

Humberto Maturana. Me han pedido responder a una pregunta: ¿la educación actual sirve a Chile y a su juventud?, y en caso de respuesta afirmativa, ¿para qué o para quién? Al mismo tiempo, me han pedido que considere esto desde … Continue reading

Posted in Chile, Education, Emotions, Language, Maturana, Politics | Tagged , , , , ,

Constructing Autopoiesis

This essay attempts to explain through an analysis of the limitations of the Lakoff, Johnson and Turner school of cognition and meaning-making, why exactly Arakawa and Gins’ analogical relations with the cognitive science of Maturana and Varela and the philosophy … Continue reading

Posted in Art, Autopoiesis, Cognitive science, Deleuze, Ethics, Maturana, Philosophy of mind, Varela | Tagged , , , , , , ,

Autopoiesis and Critical Social Systems Theory

Maturana and Varela provided the following definition of autopoiesis: “An autopoietic machine is a machine organized (defined as a unity) as a network of processes of production (transformation and destruction) of components that produces the components which: (i) through their … Continue reading

Posted in Autopoiesis, Critical theory, Fuchs, Maturana, Social systems, Varela | Tagged , , , , ,

The Organization of the Living – A Theory of the Living Organization

Humberto Maturana. My purpose in this article is to present a theory of the organization of living systems as autonomous entities, and a theory of the organization of the nervous system as a closed network of interacting neurons structurally coupled … Continue reading

Posted in Autopoiesis, Autopoietic organization, Autopoietic systems, Living systems, Maturana | Tagged , , , ,

Reality – The Search for Objectivity or the Quest for a Compelling Argument

Humberto Maturana. I claim that the most central question that humanity faces today is the question of reality. And I claim that this is so, regardless of whether we are aware of it or not, because every thing that we … Continue reading

Posted in Autopoiesis, Biology of cognition, Biology of observing, Cognition, Human beings, Language, Maturana | Tagged , , , , , ,

Ontology of Observing – The Biological Foundations of Self-Consciousness and of the Physical Domain of Existence

Humberto Maturana. My purpose in this essay is to explain cognition as a biological phenomenon, and to show, in the process, how language arises and gives origin to self-consciousness, revealing the ontological foundations of the physical domain of existence as … Continue reading

Posted in Autopoiesis, Biology of cognition, Cognition, Language, Maturana, Observer, Observing, Self-consciousness | Tagged , , , , , , ,

The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding

Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela. The book that you hold in your hands is not just another introduction to the biology of cognition. It is a complete outline for an alternative view of the biological roots of understanding. From the … Continue reading

Posted in Biology of cognition, Cognition, Maturana, Understanding, Varela | Tagged , , , ,

Maturana’s Biology and Some Possible Implications for Education

Maturana is a biologist. He makes it very clear that he speaks and writes only as a biologist. Others may apply his work to other spheres; however he himself does not. This paper is based on notes taken during a … Continue reading

Posted in Biology, Biology of cognition, Education, Maturana | Tagged , , ,

Autopoiesis with or without Cognition: defining Life at its Edge

This paper examines two questions related to autopoiesis as a theory for minimal life: (i) the relation between autopoiesis and cognition; and (ii) the question as to whether autopoiesis is the necessary and sufficient condition for life. First, we consider … Continue reading

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