Category Archives: Maturana

Humberto Maturana, Francisco Varela, biology of cognition, autopoiesis

Autopoiesis with or without Cognition: defining Life at its Edge

This paper examines two questions related to autopoiesis as a theory for minimal life: (i) the relation between autopoiesis and cognition; and (ii) the question as to whether autopoiesis is the necessary and sufficient condition for life. First, we consider … Continue reading

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Humberto Maturana’s view on the Theory of Evolution. From Autopoiesis to Natural drift metaphor

Today in the scientific circle Humberto Maturana is considered the creator of the so-called Santiago School of Biology (also known as Biology of Cognition). Biology of Cognition is a research programme seeking an explanation of the phenomenon of cognitive functions … Continue reading

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Some Differences between Maturana and Varela’s Theory of Cognition and Constructivism

The theory of cognition of Varela and Maturana differs in specific aspects from constructivist theories and so should not be seen or interpreted as another form of constructivism. To encourage the emergence of a discussion on important differences between both … Continue reading

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A cuarenta años de la Autopoiesis

El alcance de éste se estudia en medicina, educación, f ilosof ía y psicología cognitiva. Maturana partió con la biología molecular, pasó al sistema nervioso y luego siguió con la biología del conocimiento y el lenguaje. Hoy, afirma que los … Continue reading

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Systems Thinking: An Essential Skill for Living in the 21st Century

The ISSS conference launched with an inspiring talk by Humberto Maturana and Ximena Davila. They shared their perspective on the nature of being human and how we can make better choices as to the future we want to live as … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis: a review and a reappraisal

The aim of the paper is to review critically the notion of autopoiesis as presented by Maturana and Varela. In particular, recognizing that there are difficulties in obtaining a complete and clear picture from the primary literature, an effort is … Continue reading

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Physical Basis for the Emergence of Autopoiesis, Cognition and Knowledge

This paper is a contribution to developing the theories of hierarchically complex living systems and the natures of knowledge in such systems. Problem: Dissonance between the literatures of knowledge management and organization theory and my observations of the living organization … Continue reading

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Biology of Love

We human beings are love dependent animals. This is apparent in that we become ill when we are deprived of love at whatever age. No doubt we live a culture in which we are frequently in war and kill each … Continue reading

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Biología del Fenómeno Social

Los seres humanos somos seres sociales: vivimos nuestro ser cotidiano en continua imbricación con el ser de otros. Esto, en general, lo admitimos sin reservas. Al mismo tiempo los seres humanos somos individuos: vivimos nuestro ser cotidiano como un continuo … Continue reading

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The Dance of Understanding

We subscribe to the view, expressed by Humberto Maturana and others, that a satisfying experience of understanding does not result from invoking objectivity, the truth, or a compelling argument, to achieve agreement by the force of reason, nor from a … Continue reading

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