Category Archives: Social systems

The Social System of Systems Intelligence

This essay offers an preliminary study on systems intelligence as a social system based on four cornerstones: writings using the terminology of systems intelligence, search engines, models to describe the behavior of social phenomena, and a theory of social systems. … Continue reading

Posted in Social systems, Systems intelligence | Tagged ,

Autopoiesis and Critical Social Systems Theory

Maturana and Varela provided the following definition of autopoiesis: “An autopoietic machine is a machine organized (defined as a unity) as a network of processes of production (transformation and destruction) of components that produces the components which: (i) through their … Continue reading

Posted in Autopoiesis, Critical theory, Fuchs, Maturana, Social systems, Varela | Tagged , , , , ,

Structuration Theory and Self-Organization

Social systems theory is dominated by a reductionistic individualism and a dualistic  functionalism. Especially the  latter doesn’t adequately  integrate the human being. In order to avoid dualism, mechanistic determinism and reductionism,  a dialectical concept  of  social  systems that is based … Continue reading

Posted in Dialectics, Fuchs, Self-organization, Social systems, Structuration | Tagged , , , ,

The Self-Organisation of Society

The aim of this paper is to outline some aspects of the self-organisation of society based on a dialectical methodology. On a very general level, society can be characterised as a re-creative system: By mutual productive relationships of social structures … Continue reading

Posted in Capitalism, Dialectics, Fuchs, Self-organization, Social systems, Society | Tagged , , , , ,

Complexity in Social, Political, and Economic Systems

We live in a time of rising complexity both in the internal workings of our social, economic and political systems and in the outcomes that those systems produce. Increasing complexity has implications for social science: it hinders our ability to … Continue reading

Posted in Complexity, Economic systems, Political systems, Social sciences, Social systems | Tagged , , , ,

Social Emergence: Distinguishing Reflexive and Non-reflexive Modes

Emergence has a long and controversial history. In this paper we briefly review the primary strands of the debate, paying attention to its use in the fields of philosophy of science and mind, social science and systems theory including the … Continue reading

Posted in Complex system, Emergence, Reflexive emergence, Social systems | Tagged , , ,

Holism in a European Cultural Context

Central and East Europeans have a great deal in common, both historically and culturally, with West Europeans and North Americans, but tend to be more interdependent. Interdependence has been shown to be linked to holistic cognition. East Asians are more … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Cognitive differences, Cultural differences, Culture, Social systems | Tagged , , , ,

Culture and Systems of Thought: Holistic Versus Analytic Cognition

We propose a theory of how systems of thought arise on the basis of differing cultural practices and argue that the theory accounts for substantial differences in East Asian and Western thought processes. We find East Asians to be more … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Cognitive differences, Cultural differences, Culture, Social systems, Systems of thought, Thinking | Tagged , , , , , ,

Social Tipping Points and Earth Systems Dynamics

Recently, Early Warning Signals (EWS) have been developed to predict tipping points in Earth Systems. This discussion highlights the potential to apply EWS to human social and economic systems, which may also undergo similar critical transitions. Social tipping points are … Continue reading

Posted in Critical transition, Early-warning signals, Social systems, Social tipping points, Tipping point | Tagged , , , ,

Systemic Instruments for Regional Development

This paper is the English Summary of the report “Systemische Instrumente für die Regionalentwicklung”. The research project was induced by the following considerations: “Regions” – or more precisely: the actors of regional development and addressees of regional policies and their … Continue reading

Posted in Region, Regional development, Social systems, Systems | Tagged , , ,