Tag Archives: cooperation

Anthropology on Individualism or Altruism

Christopher Boehm has been studying the interplay between the desires of an individual and that of the larger group for more than 40 years. He has conducted fieldwork with both human and nonhuman primates and has published more than 60 … Continue reading

Posted in Altruism, Anthropology, Cooperation, Hunter-gatherer, Individualism, Moral, Selfishness, Sharing | Tagged , , , , , , ,

Costly rejection of Wrongdoers by Infants and Children

How unappealing are individuals who behave badly towards others? We show here that children and even infants, although motivated by material rewards, are nonetheless willing to incur costs to avoid “doing business” with a wrongdoer. When given the choice to … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Cognitive development, Cooperation, Infants, Social cognition | Tagged , , , ,

Darwin Day Revelation: Evolution, Not Religion, is the Source of Morality

There you have it: the elemental fear that belief in evolution will cause morality to collapse. That fear is predicated on a powerful assumption: that morality comes to us from God via religion. This is false. It is demonstrably false. … Continue reading

Posted in Cooperation, Evolution, Moral, Moral consciousness, Moral intelligence, Morality | Tagged , , , , ,

Wired for Culture: The Natural History of Human Cooperation

What explains the staggering diversity of cultures in the world? Why are there so many languages, even within small areas? Why do we rejoice in rituals and wrap ourselves in flags? In Wired for Culture Mark Pagel, the world’s leading … Continue reading

Posted in Cooperation, Cultural development, Cultural differences, Cultural diversity, Culture, Human evolution, Human intelligence | Tagged , , , , , ,

Fairness Expectations and Altruistic Sharing in 15-Month-Old Infants

Human cooperation is a key driving force behind the evolutionary success of our hominin lineage. At the proximate level, biologists and social scientists have identified other-regarding preferences – such as fairness based on egalitarian motives, and altruism – as likely … Continue reading

Posted in Altruism, Children, Cooperation, Fairness, Infants | Tagged , , , ,

21-Month-Olds Understand the Cooperative Logic of Requests

Human communication rests on a basic assumption of partner cooperativeness, including even requesting. In the current study, an adult made an ambiguous request for an object to 21-month-old infants, with one potential referent being right in front of her and … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Cooperation, Infants, Logic, Thinking | Tagged , , , ,

Human Thinking as Cooperation: Thinking for Co-operating

Human cognition and thinking are much more complex than the cognition and thinking of other primates. Human social interaction and organization are much more complex than the social interaction and organization of other primates as well. It is highly unlikely, … Continue reading

Posted in Cooperation, Human intelligence, Human thinking, Humans, Thinking | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

Collective Agency and Cooperation in Natural and Artificial Systems

This book brings together philosophical approaches to cooperation and collective agency with research into human-machine interaction and cooperation from engineering, robotics, computer science and AI. Bringing these so far largely unrelated fields of study together leads to a better understanding … Continue reading

Posted in Collective agency, Cooperation | Tagged , | 1 Comment

The Evolutionary Advantage of Cooperation

The present study asks how cooperation and consequently structure can emerge in many different evolutionary contexts.  Cooperation, here, is a persistent behavioral pattern of individual entities pooling and sharing resources. Examples are individual cells forming multicellular systems whose various parts … Continue reading

Posted in Cooperation, Evolution | Tagged ,

Organizing in the Age of Competition, Cooperation, and Collaboration

The purpose of this article is to describe how organizations have evolved across three periods of modern economic history. These periods can be called the age of competition, age of cooperation, and age of collaboration. The major organizational forms that … Continue reading

Posted in Collaboration, Competition, Cooperation, Organizations | Tagged , , ,